Mar 30, 201102:28 PMChina Mom
A tale of two countries: an update on adoptions in Japan
As one person pointed out in the comments section following my last post, Japan says it can take care of its own just fine – a sharp contrast to the response and needs experienced after the earthquake in Haiti last year. It’s a cultural issue. Those in the adoption community don’t believe there will be a true “orphan situation” in Japan because of the way Japanese generally provide for displaced children.
However, in China, things are different. Displaced children have long been…well, just that – displaced. Left behind for one reason or another to grow up alone in orphanages. Maybe they’re a girl or the second child in a country with a one-child policy. Whatever the reason, the bad news is China has a true “orphan situation.” (And no natural disaster...but that's another topic for another post.)
The good news is, China is going to allow single people to adopt from the Special Focus program. A few years back, China changed its adoption requirements and wouldn't allow singles to adopt. While the new requirements are pretty strict, it's a step in the right direction for many single women - and especially Chinese children.
Details from the Chinese Center for Adoption Affairs (CCAA) follow. The good news is that there’s good news – as is always the case with international adoption.
From the CCAA:
In order to promote special needs child adoption and guarantee the basic interests of the orphaned and disabled children, CCAA decides to accept the adoption applications from female single applicants to adopt according to the requirements listed in this notice, starting from March 15, 2011:
• Female single applicants are allowed to adopt special focus children listed on the special Needs System of CCAA.
• One applicant can only adopt one special focus child at a time, with an interval of at least one year between two adoptions.
• The applicant shall have reached the age of 30 years and are under 50. For applicants over 50, the age difference between the child to be adopted and the applicant shall be no more than 45 years.
• The applicant shall provide her civil status certificate. Unmarried applicants shall provide certification for being single and non-homosexual; divorced applicants shall provide the divorce certificate of the last marriage; and widowed applicants shall provide the death certificate of their ex-spouse.
• The reason of being single and attitude towards marriage. Applicants shall have clear indication of willingness to appoint male figures as role models for the adopted child, and welcome male friends to join family gatherings.
• Applicants shall have received inter-country adoption training and training specifically for special needs child adoption so as to understand fully the physical and psychological needs of special needs children.
• Detailed nurturing and rehabilitation plan. Applicants shall be qualified personally and socially for caring special needs children and have wide social and family supporting network which can provide assistance any time.
• Guardians appointed by the applicants shall provide written statement as consent to act as the guardian of the adopted child. X. If the applicant has a stable relationship and lives with a male partner, the requirements of couple applicants shall be applied.
• Applicants shall be healthy both physically and mentally according to the requirements by CCAA for prospective adoptive couples.
• Applicants shall be law abiding with no criminal records, and have good moral quality and conduct
• The family annual income shall reach $10,000 per family member, including the prospective adoptee and the family net assets value should reach $100,000.
• The applicant shall have good medical insurance which can cover the medical expense of the adopted child.
• Applicants shall be experienced in child caring or be occupied in child-related fields, such as doctor, nurse, teacher, child psychological counselor, etc. It’s best that the applicants have already had successful experience in caring for special needs children.
• The number of children in the applicant’s family under the age of 18 years shall be no more than two, and the youngest one should have reached the age of 6 years old.
• Applicants shall be fully prepared for adopting a special focus child.
• Social workers shall provide the following information fully and timely in the home study reports besides family visit interviews: Adoption motive. The decision to adopt a special focus child shall be well-considered. Applicants shall be capable of caring for a special need child and be responsible for the well-being of the child.